Basic Climbing Techniques You Can Master

Climbing is a sport which requires an understanding of your own body weight and finding your centre of gravity as you move. Below is a video on the 5 Fundamentals of Indoor Rock Climbing.  


Body Positioning 

It is important to be in the correct body position before making a move. This not only makes it easier to execute the move but also prevents your body from going off-balance. To do so, always remember to keep your centre of gravity over your feet. This helps you maintain your balance and also makes your climbing more languid. 

Tripod Position 

One of the first positions that are taught to new climbers, this position is a fundamental position to master in climbing. It is achieved by having three points of contact on the wall to form a stable tripod position before you make a move. If you make a move with only two points of contacts, it may result in a barn door (swinging out of the wall like a barn door) and cause you to fall off the route. 


One way to establish a tripod position is by shifting your feet to offset the imbalance in body weight in a technique called flagging. As demonstrated in the video, it is especially useful when all the tiles are on the same side of your body. It is similar to smearing (more information below), except that you do not have to put weight on the wall while you are doing it.

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It is always better to think about your feet first when you are climbing as it plays a big part in determining your body position. Having the correct body position can prevent yourself from going off-balance such as barn-dooring or falling off a route. 

Stepping With Your Toes 

When you first start out to climb, stepping with your toes may seem unnatural or awkward, but it is the best way to climb. Stepping with your toes makes the movement more precise and makes it easier to swivel your feet according to the direction of your next move. 


In the absence of footholds, this is a very useful way to maintain your body position and make use of the wall to gain some height. Pressure from your feet coupled with the friction in the soles of your climbing shoes will ensure that your feet stay on the wall. 

Match Feet 

A very common move made in climbing, it helps you to adjust your body according to the sequence in the climb. One way to make an effective match is to put your feet above the other and remove the feet below while pointing your toe down in the feet above.

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BONUS: Dyno 

Ever wondered what all these jumping and flying up the wall meant? When the move in between two handholds is very big, Dyno is a great way to get to those handholds. Dyno involves jumping off footholds to catch the handholds. A lot of emphasis placed on leaning back and pushing through with your feet to gain height in the jump.